Lunch time at the office, at school recess, the buffet at the party and dinner at our house, what is the common factor in all of them? Food! It is the most important thing for human survival. That’s what keeps alive a human. It is ultimately so a man strives; provide two meals for himself and his family. And this same source of food comes from agriculture.
Regardless of what we consume today, rice, wheat, pulses, vegetables, oil are all crop agriculture. Cash crops of cotton, jute, sugarcane, snuff, oil seeds usually called as money making machine plants also yield agriculture. Agriculture in India has a long history. As India is largely a country of villages and agriculture is the main occupation of the local people, which makes it very important in the life of the people of this country instead. Moreover, the country’s economy is mainly agro-based and other sectors related to it, it becomes even more valuable to the tax structure of the nation.
Today, India ranks second in agricultural production worldwide. This was not the scenario in the early years, they had witnessed the recurrent famines. Agriculture in India was mainly based monsoon and erratic pattern ended disappointing farmers and the agriculture sector in India in a huge way. The production was quite low, even meet the demand of a quarter of the population. He was released after the 1970 Green Revolution that this segment did a 360 degree turn. The result was very encouraging that the fields yielded abundant crop production, filling the gap between supply and demand. Improvement of irrigation facilities, canalization of rivers and canals, along with agricultural tools you modernized propelled its growth.
It also opened the doors for the export of our crop to foreign nations and we were importing our food needs before. Soon, the concept of GM (genetically modified) crops was also introduced in India. Apart from cotton, genetic engineering experiments are underway in maize, mustard, sugarcane, sorghum, pigeon pea, chickpea, rice, tomato, eggplant, potato, banana, papaya, cauliflower, oilseeds, of castor, soybean and medicinal plants. However, the use of GM crops in India has been controversial. Modern agricultural equipment and machinery have greatly helped in the development of this sector. Tractor, Baler, beet, beet cleaner loader, Bean harvester, sugarcane harvester, harvester, Conveyor Belt, are some of the latest equipment used in agriculture today. Even after all these mechanisms including traditional bull and old plow technique still prevalent in India. Along with all this, the use of fertilizers and pesticides have greatly increased. As a result of the growth of fine, the agricultural industry has also seen a remarkable development. The consumer goods sector has gained momentum due specifically to agricultural development. The agricultural market is full of materials related to the agro-livestock products.
The agricultural sector has experienced rapid revolution in the last two decades. The economic policy of globalization and liberalization has opened new avenues for the modernization of agriculture. According to a market report, India has developed into a key player in the global agriculture market. In the last five years, agricultural exports have increased from about $ 12,750 million to $ 33.99 billion. Therefore, with such encouraging numbers, this segment is really supporting the Indian economy and GDP growth in a big way.